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Hazard Mitigation Planning

This page provides a basic overview of hazard mitigation planning as required by the federal Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, including examples of local plans and documents in Washington State.


The federal Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-390) requires state and local governments to develop all-hazard mitigation plans as a condition of federal grant assistance. The act also established a Hazard Mitigation Grant Program to help communities, following a presidential major disaster declaration, to prepare for and protect against future disasters.

Hazard mitigation plans are created to protect the health, safety and economic interests of residents by reducing the impacts of natural hazards through planning, awareness, and implementation of mitigation alternatives. Hazard mitigation is any action taken to permanently eliminate or reduce the long-term risk to human life and property from natural hazards. It is an essential element of emergency management along with preparedness, response, and recovery.

Multi-jurisdictional plans may be developed and accepted by the federal government as long as each jurisdiction has participated in the process and has officially adopted the plan. Many of the local plans in Washington State are multi-jurisdictional plans.

Hazard mitigation plans should not be confused with the comprehensive emergency management plans (CEMPs) required under state law, which identify the responsibilities of local agencies and departments to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters. For more information on CEMPs, see our page Local Emergency Management Organizations and CEMPs.

Statutes and Regulations

Examples of Hazard Mitigation Plans/Documents

Below are selected examples of hazard mitigations plans, requests for proposals, and other supporting documents.

Hazard Mitigation Plans


Interlocal Agreements


Recommended Resources

Last Modified: November 13, 2017