skip navigation

Hazard Mitigation Planning

This page provides a basic overview of hazard mitigation planning as required by the federal Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. Resources and examples of local plans in Washington State are included at the end of the summary.


The federal Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-390) requires state and local governments to develop all-hazard mitigation plans as a condition of federal grant assistance. The act also established a Hazard Mitigation Grant Program to help communities prepare for and protect against future disasters, following a major disaster declaration by the president.

Hazard mitigation is any action taken to permanently eliminate or reduce the long-term risk to human life and property from natural hazards. Hazard mitigation plans are created to protect the health, safety, and economic interests of residents by reducing the impacts of natural hazards through planning, awareness, and implementation of mitigation alternatives. It is an essential element of emergency management, along with preparedness, response, and recovery. However, it should not be confused with the comprehensive emergency management plans (CEMPs) required under state law. For more information on CEMPs, see Local Emergency Management Organizations and CEMPs.


The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)  has policies and planning guides for state, tribal, and local governments. Grants are available from FEMA through the Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program (PDM) homepage.

Statutes and Regulations

Examples of Hazard Mitigation Plans/Documents

Below are selected examples of hazard mitigations plans for jurisdictions across Washington State.



Recommended Resources

The following are additional resources available at the federal and state government level, as well as from private organizations.

Last Modified: January 02, 2019