Water Resources and Water Quality
This page provides information about water resource planning and water quality for local governments in Washington State, including examples of local programs, water quality reports, and recommended resources.
The state Department of Ecology (DOE) works closely with Washington communities and their citizens to provide effective water management. In the past, Washington has enjoyed an abundance of water, but water availability is no longer a state luxury. Washington is committed to meeting current water needs and ensuring future water availability for people, fish and the natural environment. See DOE's water resources program at Water Resources, Washington State Department of Ecology. It includes information on the Office of the Columbia River, conservancy boards, dam safety, instream flow, measuring water use, rainwater collection, water rights, water market, water resource program activities, watershed management, wells, and the Yakima Basin.
Water Resource Planning
- Chelan County Natural Resources Department Water Resources
- Island County Public Health Water Resources Management Plan, adopted 06/20/2005
- King County Hydrologic Information Center
- Regional Water Supply Planning - Multiple agencies and organizations working together to develop data, information and pragmatic tools to assist in water resource and supply planning activities in the region. Members include Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, Washington Department of Ecology, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Washington Department of Health, Public Health - Seattle & King County, King County, Pierce County, City of Auburn, Suburban Cities Association, Cascade Water Alliance, Cedar River Water and Sewer District, Lakehaven Utility District, Seattle Public Utilities, Tacoma Public Utilities, Woodinville Water District, Shared Strategy for Puget Sound, Center for Environmental Law & Policy, Washington Environmental Council, and King County Business Community - Site hosted by King County
- San Juan County Health and Community Services Water Resource Management - Includes Water Resource Management Plan, Watershed Management Action Plan, and water reports
- Skagit County Water Resources Management
- Whatcom County Natural Resources Comprehensive Water Resource Plan - Covers water supply, fish/shellfish, surface water management, and coordinated planning and management. Element Two addresses Salmon Recovery/Endangered Species, February 1999, plus updates
- Yakima Basin Surface Water Initiatives, Yakima County Surface Water Management Division - Participates in planning processes that effect water quality, water quantity and flow management, groundwater, and riverine habitats. The division supplies technical information to these planning processes and also assists the Yakima County Commissioners who
Clean Water, Water Quality
The objective of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, commonly referred to as the Clean Water Act (CWA), is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters by preventing point and nonpoint pollution sources, providing assistance to publicly owned treatment works for the improvement of wastewater treatment, and maintaining the integrity of wetlands. See Clean Water Act, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This version is on EPA's Agriculture website and provides detailed subheadings and related topics.
- Water Quality Program, Washington State Department of Ecology - The goals of the state's water quality program are to prevent and clean up water pollution and to help communities make sustainable choices that reduce and prevent water quality problems.
- Puget Sound Partnership - The Puget Sound Partnership is a community effort of citizens, governments, tribes, scientists and businesses working together to restore and protect Puget Sound.
- Polluted Runoff: Nonpoint Source Pollution, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Provides links to EPA water pollution topics
- Regulatory Information Topics Water, U.S Environmental Protection Agency - EPA enforces federal clean water and safe drinking water laws, provides support for municipal wastewater treatment plants, and takes part in pollution prevention efforts aimed at protecting watersheds and sources of drinking water.
Clean Water Programs
Many of these programs include public education and outreach.
- Clark County Clean Water Program The program's primary activities include stormwater capital improvements, water quality monitoring, public education and outreach, regulations and enforcement, and stormwater maintenance. As the county's population continues to increase, Water Resources is committed to keeping our waterways clean for people, fish, and wildlife.
- King County Stormwater Services and Information
- Olympia Storm and Surface Water Education and Action
- Skagit County Public Works Clean Water Program - The goal of the Clean Water Program is to address and deal with non-point pollution and to enhance Skagit County's water quality. It consists of a myriad of activities directed at educating the public, controlling storm water pollution, developing water quality monitoring plans, and restoring habitats among many other goals.
- Vancouver Water Resources Protection Program - Resources and materials related to the city's water resources protection ordinance to help protect critical aquifers
Animal Waste, Agricultural Practices
- Dairy Nutrient Management, Washington State Department of Agriculture - A water quality program administered by Washington State Department of Agriculture under Chapter RCW 90.64, Dairy Nutrient Management Act. Elements of the program are managed in conformance with a Memorandum of Understanding with the Washington State Department of Ecology. Ecology is the delegated agency in Washington for the Federal Clean Water Act.
- Washington Home *A* Syst, Washington State University, Water Quality Management Team - Home and Farm*A*Syst programs provide voluntary and confidential water quality/environmental risk assessments you can use to evaluate your home and/or farm property for pollution and health risks. Although its emphasis is on protecting drinking water resources, following the "best management practices," the program also helps protect the entire watershed's water quality.
- Animal Waste Management, Washington State Department of Ecology
- Animal Wastes, MRSC - Provides information on the relationship of pet waste to water pollution and provides sample local ordinances regulating pet waste
Boating and Marinas
The state Department of Ecology, Washington Parks, and Washington Sea Grant offer programs for pollution prevention education and funding for boat maintenance and repair, oil spills, sewage disposal, and other water pollution topics associated with boating and marinas.
Lake and Beach Management Districts
In 2008 the lake management district provisions were amended to include the formation of beach management districts (Laws of 2008, ch. 301). The purpose of the lake and beach district legislation is to establish a governmental mechanism by which property owners can embark on a program of lake or beach improvement and maintenance.
Shellfish Protection Districts
These provisions encourage, and in some cases, require counties to establish shellfish protection districts and programs to curb the loss of productive shellfish beds caused by nonpoint sources of pollution, such as stormwater runoff, failing on-site sewage systems, and runoff from farm animal wastes.
- Ch. 90.72 RCW - Shellfish Protection Districts
- Shellfish Protection District Fact Sheet, Puget Sound Action Team, 2005 - From Puget Sound Partnership Archives
- Clallam County Environmental Health Commercial Shellfish Downgrade
- Grays Harbor Environmental Health Division Shellfish Protection District (SPD)
- Mason County Oakland Bay Clean Water District
- Snohomish County Stillaguamish River Clean Water District (CWD)
- Skagit County The Clean Samish Initiative
- Thurston County Natural Resource Planning Shellfish Protection
- Whatcom County Shellfish
Water Quality Reports
State and federal drinking water rules require Group A community water systems – those which serve 15 or more connections or 25 or more people – to produce and distribute a Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) to customers and the state Department of Health before July 1 each year.
For more information, including the current year's state certification form, tips for preparing a user-friendly report, and a checklist for CCR compliance, see the state Department of Health webpage Preparing a Consumer Confidence Report (CCR).
Below are examples of various formats used by various jurisdictions to provide the required water quality reports to their customers.
- Bremerton Annual Drinking Water Quality Report
- Longview Water Distribution Division – Includes annual water quality reports
- Mercer Island Water Utility – see Water Quality Reports section
- Moses Lake Water Quality Reports
- Port Angeles Water Utility – see Consumer Confidence Water Quality Reports section
- Vancouver Water Quality Reports
Special Purpose Districts
- Covington Water District Annual Water Quality Reports
- Lakehaven Water & Sewer District Water Quality
- Lakewood Water District Water Quality Report Archive
- Valley Water District Forms – See "Water Quality" tab for reports regarding the various water systems of the district
- Woodinville Water District Annual Drinking Water Quality Reports
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- Pacific Northwest Climate Change and Water - Provides highlights of northwest partner activities
- Water Home - Lists major water topics covered by EPA
- Water and Watersheds, Region 10 - Links to EPA water topics of concern to the Northwest Area (Region 10)
- U.S. Department of Interior
- Bureau of Reclamation - The Bureau's mission is to assist in meeting the increasing water demands of the West while protecting the environment and the public's investment in these structures. Emphasis is placed on fulfilling its water delivery obligations, water conservation, water recycling and reuse, and developing partnerships with our customers, states, and Native American Tribes, and in finding ways to bring together the variety of interests to address the competing needs for our limited water resources.
- National Irrigation Water Quality Program - The NIWQP is an intra-departmental program that evaluates Department of the Interior irrigation projects to: Consider drain water contamination and related impacts to endangered species and/or migratory birds; assess legal responsibilities that are associated with environmental laws, and develop and implement alternatives for remediation.
- National Water Quality Assessment Data Warehouse, U.S. Geological Survey - Systematically collects chemical, biological, and physical water quality data from 51 study units (basins) across the nation.
- Water Resources of Washington State, U.S. Geological Survey - Provides links to water resource information on Washington's rivers and streams, ground water, water quality, and many other topics. The USGS operates the most extensive satellite network of stream-gaging stations in the state, many of which form the backbone of flood-warning systems.
- State of Washington Water Research Center, Washington State University
- Center for Urban Waters, research center led by the University of Washington, Tacoma - A community of environmental scientists, analysts, engineers and policymakers developing creative and sustainable solutions to restore and protect urban waterways
- Washington State Ground Water Association
- Washington State Water Resources Association - Irrigation districts
- Water, Washington State University Extension, Natural Resources - Provides links to information on urban water, water quality, and watersheds
- Water Providers, MRSC Water Utility Page - Includes regional water providers and associations