Year-End is a good time to get a financial "checkup"
March 1, 2012
Category: Finance Advisor , Investments
The end of the year approaches. I know because my budget is in the capable hands of our city council. Another way I know is that we have started our annual year-end “checkup.” In this article, we will share some ideas about how you can use the “slower time” around the holidays to review some important financial vital signs.
Double and Triple Check Your Budget
By now, you should have double and triple checked your budget. Are revenues close to estimates? Is there a potential for any compliance problems with the legally adopted/amended budget? If so, a budget amendment is needed by the end of the year. In Washington State, if you don’t amend the budget before the year ends, it isn’t going to help. So take a hard look at any accounts that may be close and discuss it with the staff that know what activity to expect before the year ends.
Accounting for Expenditures and Revenues
While we are thinking about budget, it is a good time to remind everyone how expenditures and revenues will be accounted for within the financial report. This will depend on your basis of accounting (many use accrual accounting, but I think the majority use cash basis). If you use cash basis, the date on the deposit ticket (for revenues) and the date on the check (for expenditures) will determine which reporting period this activity will fall in to. If you use accrual, it gets a bit more complicated, but generally if you earned the revenue or incurred the expense (regardless of dates on deposit tickets or accounts payable checks) it belongs to this reporting period. Payroll expenses are accrued to the period in which they were incurred as well. If you use accrual accounting, you may need to explain the impact this may have on your budget compliance to other staff (if you order it and receive it this year – it will be counted against this year’s budget).
Cash and Investments
Another important area to review is cash and investments. This is especially true of cash accounts that you aren’t monitoring directly. These include petty cash and imprest cash accounts. These should be counted and reconciled on a periodic basis (monthly or quarterly depending on activity). Sometimes this gets put off – or resolving a difference gets postponed. The end of the year is a good time to make sure all cash can be accounted for. This should include getting all petty cash accounts reimbursed for the expenses they’ve incurred. That helps get those expenses properly coded into this year’s budget and this year’s financial report. Any discrepancies should be resolved by the end of the year. Some agencies like to do their own “surprise” cash counts to provide for additional audit assurance that the money is where it should be. Whatever the method, make sure you can say that all the cash accounts have been independently reviewed.
Investments usually don’t need an audit per se, but you may want to do your own confirmations that the investment account totals agree with your general ledger. Many of us use the Local Government Investment Pool, so this should be easy. When we buy individual investments, we often use the State Treasurer’s Safe Keeping Account, so again this helps simplify the confirmation of investment balances.
Take a few minutes to make sure that control accounts agree with the detail. This means that you can find individual accounts in your accounts receivable that total the amount shown in the balance sheet (for example). Other examples are clearing accounts for checks, investments (as discussed above), accounts payable, etc. In this way, you will find any errors before trying to close the books for the year.
Documenting this effort will help to illustrate to your auditors that you have good internal controls in place.
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